Lighting design of a modern apartment: a professional approach

New technologies offer an innovative approach when a spectacular lighting design for an apartment is required. Elegant plafonds and diodes on multi-level ceilings displace bulky chandeliers without a hint of aesthetics. The modern lighting design of urban apartments can compete with the appearance of an opera house, restaurant or office of a prosperous company from the cover of a magazine. With a well-thought-out design, the rooms will not have dark corners, even without table lamps and floor lamps, and the cost of electricity will decrease.

Floor lamps on bedside tables in bedroom lighting

Lighting greatly affects the visual perception of space, which determines the comfort and coziness of your home

Standards for the power and quantity of lighting devices

In the design of housing has its own rules, which fully apply to the norms of general lighting. An important condition for comfort is the degree of illumination. It should be favorable for vision and psychological state. This is a reasonable balance of the number of lighting devices of a certain power relative to the area of ​​the working space.

  • A well-lit study keeps the mind in good shape.
  • With a thoughtful design, it is easy to create a special aura in the living room, emphasizing the stylistic decision.
  • If the extravagant bathroom or bedroom is twilight, then it inevitably tends to sleep.
  • A competent approach to the design of lighting the hallway will make the apartment hospitable in the perception of visitors.
  • In the kitchen with extra lighting worktop pleasant to cook.
  • The soft light in the children's bedroom does not irritate the visual analyzers of the baby and makes it possible to quietly go into sleep.
Design of luminaires for lighting the workspace

Geometric lights with clear lines are great for your office.

Important! If you make design mistakes, you will need additional costs for laying hidden electrical wiring. It is better to immediately reduce or increase power than to tear off the lining of natural wood, stone and expensive wallpaper after repair.

Additional lights in the bedroom design urban paintings

Additional light sources create a warm atmosphere and make the space softer

Experts recommend using standard layout for every 5 "squares" of floor area to use lamps with a total capacity of 50-75 kW. With high ceilings, you can do more. The standards have been developed and verified for a long time, but they adapt to modern technologies and lighting design in the apartment. They help to independently find the optimal mode, but the total power needs to be divided by the total number of luminous points.

Use of mirror surfaces in room lighting

Mirrors create more reflective surfaces, which significantly adds to the amount of light in the room and reduces the number of fixtures and energy bills

Use the recommendations:

  • in a 1-room apartment up to 30-40 sq.m. enough 7-8 lighting fixtures (3 ceiling, multi-track chandelier, 2-3 sconces, table lamp and floor lamp);
  • in a 2-room, 8-9 lamps are enough;
  • in 3-room - 10-11 points;
  • if you have a 4-room apartment, 11-12 is enough.
Designer chandelier in the interior of the living room

Chandelier can be used for main lighting.

A modern apartment in which stretch ceilings with spotlights and a diode strip are installed are other norms. You can do without a chandelier, but its absence is compensated by a sconce, furniture lighting and other types of local (local) lighting of functional areas.

Spot recessed fixtures in the design of the living room apartment

The power of spotlights is easy to adjust, they can be used as the main light or as a backlight

General rules of design concept

  1. The right lighting design in a living room is a multifaceted concept.
  2. Illumination is selected taking into account the health benefits, it will emphasize the aesthetics of the style, at the same time fulfilling the functional requirements.
  3. A competent solution is an alternative to the decor of a city apartment in a minimalist style, emphasizing the delicate taste and bright personality of the owner.
Ceiling spotlights with directional light in the interior of the living room

Directional lamps are used to illuminate a specific place or to adjust the area of ​​a room

The concept involves several components.

1. General lighting (artificial) Physiologically based background, the basis, which is represented by different types of lamps.
2. Interior lighting design It is similar to the approach in choosing furniture and textiles for a general aesthetic, reflects the tastes of the owner, the way of expression through the environment. Assumes relocatable objects that highlight objects for viewing.
3. Light architecture It assumes the concept of illumination of the room, is divided into interior, interior and exterior lighting architecture in the implementation of a stylish design.
4. Natural light An important component, it can be varied by time of day, seasonality and location of rooms. Rays from the window muffle the blinds, scatter the tulle and shade the curtains. It is enhanced by light walls, mirror and glossy surfaces, chrome plating.
5. Directional artificial light Rotating projectors and ceiling lights, table lamps, floor lamps on a tripod or a folding spiral base.
6. Decorative addition It is convenient to use in the working area, for aquariums, unusual furniture and exhibits of artworks to guests.
Pendant lamp in living room lighting design

Emphasis on a specific area of ​​the room is easy to do with a local lamp

Important! Various lighting fixtures are used in organizing the modern design of lighting in the room. These are “halogens”, incandescent lamps, fluorescent tubes, point and tape diodes, fiber optic cords.

Spotlights on the ceiling in the lighting design of a studio apartment

Lighting is often used to divide space, especially for small apartments.

The common light in each room is a natural component, without it it is impossible to consider the design concept. The color scheme of the walls compensates for the lack of sunlight or absorbs their excess.

Lighting control in apartment design is similar to directing and decorating, but for this you need certain tools that any director-illuminator uses. Light can be:

  • natural;
  • scattered;
  • reflected;
  • reinforced;
  • relaxed.
Bright lighting of the kitchen space of a city apartment

Transparent plafonds do not “eat” the light, unlike matte ones, and you can use colored lampshades to create the desired effects

Typology of lighting

  1. Multilevel lighting is an alternative to lighting design without a chandelier. Zoning and functionality of each section, corner or zone is taken into account. This is an opportunity to highlight the necessary places and do without the cost of general lighting. Additional adjustment is used to turn on / off based on "smart" options and a remote control (display) remote control.
  2. For wall surfaces, all kinds of sconces are used. It is economical and convenient when you want to light a mirror, a niche in your wardrobe, turn a long corridor or start descending a staircase in a private house.
  3. Low light is still rarely used in residential schemes, but it is not a whim or extravagant solution. An additional study of the floor area will balance the distribution of rays.Often mounted LED strip or neon tube at the baseboard. In the bathroom and hallway, an original look is made of a glass tile path with lamps inserted under them and turned on when you step on them.
  4. To change the vector, as needed, rotary, movable and movable lamps and diodes are applicable. These are track systems, rotary sconces and chandeliers with rotating horns, as in the photo.
Bedside lighting

For local lighting it is convenient to use controlled luminaires with dimmed background light.

Attention! With a successful combination of all varieties, compensation for the lack of light with a minimum load on vision is obtained.

Mixed lighting of the living room through various light sources

Mixed lighting from various kinds of lamps literally transforms the room, turning it into a glow of lights

Designer Tips

  • Plafonds for correcting general light are placed under the ceiling in the center of the room (for uniform dispersion). Instead of a chandelier, it is easy to distribute the lighting on 4 walls and multi-level ceilings.
  • Work areas should be evenly lit, it is undesirable to leave dark corners and deep shadow areas, even if they are rarely visited. Work light is better combined - white with a yellow spectrum (specify when buying in a store).
  • For decorative lighting, color illumination is suitable, for example, with LED strip or cords, with which you can lay out inscriptions or figures on the walls.
  • For full development, indoor plants need special phytolamps, especially if they are inhabitants of the tropics and southern latitudes.
  • Aquarium hydrophytes are illuminated with “white” or universal fluorescent lamps on a special cover, in combination with diodes and incandescent lamps with soft yellow light. They heat the surface of the decorative cover, so they are placed at a distance, and the bottom is lined with foil.
  • Using perforated wall lights and ceiling lamp shades, you can get a beautiful openwork shadow pattern. But choose a smooth and solid finish so that the texture does not distort the intricate image.
  • Local or local illumination must emphasize favorably certain objects and interior details, to some extent reinforcing or replacing decor.
  • In the working area where they read, cook food or study at the computer, local lighting is needed. The intensity should be favorable for the eyes, the case when you should not save on health.
Bright living room with designer floor lamp

A simple floor lamp, but how it suits the surrounding interior

Important! When arranging any point, remember about a certain amount of heat generated - the lining should not overheat before ignition. Take into account physiological norms - a lack of light inhibits working activity and relaxes the optic nerve.

Stretch ceiling design spotlights

For suspended ceilings, recessed LED luminaires are ideal.

The versatility of modern solutions in lighting design

In any room, general lighting should be correctly combined with working and accent, local and combined. They have their own subtypes and varieties. If the general should, let us say so, get rid of the darkness as a whole, then for other devices the function is to highlight individual elements. This is achieved using various light sources in the room, regardless of the overall design.

Living room lighting design using LED lamps

LED lighting in the living room interior

Varieties of artificial light sources:

  1. LED lamps are a modern alternative to the classic "Illich lamps", the use of which is expensive today.
  2. Incandescent lamps are considered archaic, but they give a minimal load on vision, and their spectrum imitates the sun's rays as much as possible.
  3. Energy-saving - quite economical lamps, but their frequent flickering tires your eyesight, they are offered with a "warm" and "cold" spectrum.
  4. Luminescent lamps are most often used for commercial and industrial areas, but even in "studios" without walls, these lamps find worthy use (imitation of daylight).
  5. Duralight LED-based light-emitting cords are a great way to decorate individual elements of the interior and exterior lighting, complementing the original light design in the apartment.
  6. Bright halogens have different shades of light, these lamps are widely used in space decoration.
LED backlight in apartment lighting design

LED tapes allow you to organize any options for decorative lighting of the ceiling, walls and furniture

When calculating the total intensity, the solution of stretch ceilings is taken into account. The lighting design in the bedroom and living room with the help of multi-level designs is self-sufficient, with the exception of the addition of appliances for local areas.

Lighting design for individual rooms: simple and complex

Light is not only functional, but also beautiful. Famous designers and architects will definitely take this important component into account when embarking on a new project. A competent project will make your stay in the house comfortable, help visual correction of space.

Lamps in the interior of the room for meeting guests

Each lamp in the room should have its own purpose.

Some elements can be obscured, others can be highlighted and attracted to them with maximum attention, a certain vector is set by directional light to “move” or “zoom in” an object in the interior. Soft neon light creates an unusual effect when you turn on the head of the bed, the back of upholstered furniture, a plasma panel or around the perimeter of a “soaring” ceiling. In this case, you can not use a chandelier or other "classic" source of general light.

The light in the hallway is usually completely artificial, in the apartment the front door is removed from all windows. You can limit yourself to one luminous point near the ceiling, if it is a tiny room. In the hallway, combined with the corridor, they make 3-4 dim lamps or sconces throughout the passage. For decorative purposes, you can make a plinth and a ceiling cornice with LED strip. It is advisable to illuminate the mirror and the interior of the wardrobe. In a long corridor, a luminous path on the floor will be appropriate, and in a spacious room - a stretch ceiling with a beautiful light design.

Narrow corridor lighting design of a city apartment

To shorten the elongated hallway, you can place the built-in lights on the ceiling and direct the light down

The bedroom is a special room where the intimate atmosphere is appropriate, which, to the greatest extent, is created by the play of light and shadow. The design depends on the size of the bedroom, the style of the interior and the configuration of the furniture. The classic version uses an elegant ceiling chandelier and 2 sconces (on both sides of the bed), in the modern one - a variety of stretch ceilings and diode lights (at the mirror and the head of the bed). Often combine a ceiling with the effect of "starry sky" and perforated sconces with delicate reflections on the wall. Some in the bedroom like twilight. But it is not necessary to be limited to these ideas, the decision depends on the style and the general design concept, as in the photo.

Spotlights and floor lamps in bedroom lighting design

Dimmed light in bedroom

In a modern living room, the main lighting design of the apartment is given to stretch or multi-level ceilings. If in the classic version the color of the ceiling and the shape of the chandelier are played out, then new solutions in the age of high technology are not limited by anything. Buy a relative simple luminaire that can be switched from a remote control, or choose a combination lighting with low-light furniture.

Lighting design in a modern living room

In the living room, several types of lamps are used in accordance with the style of the room.

The bathroom and the bathroom are a special room where you can experiment with lighting that is unacceptable in the living room. Try gradually turning on and off lights, switching on from cotton and more. It is important to consider that this is a place with high humidity, wiring, fixtures and shades should be as tight as possible. Diodes are appropriate for the mirror and the bathroom. For expensive whirlpool bathtubs, this is the default option.

Lighting the bathroom with built-in lights

The bathroom needs a fairly bright light, but not harsh.Matte fixtures built into the ceiling and a couple of instruments for lighting the mirror are suitable

The light in the kitchen involves several zones with economical local lighting. This is the working plane, and the place of eating, in addition to general light. Some people like large ceiling lights coming down from the ceiling to the dining table. In a modern kitchen, you can make a frame near the ceiling with directional ray vectors. The gas stove with an oven that has a backlight looks original - you can watch the process of frying chicken rotated on the grill with guests. Additionally, diodes at the bar and above the sink are appropriate.

Combined kitchen lighting in a city apartment

In the kitchen, directional lighting of work areas is combined with diffused light above the common space

Soft light in the children's bedroom is the basis of the design for this room. Too bright rays are sharp for the baby's vision, irritate the psyche. A flaw can provoke myopia if children like to write, read and draw in the evenings. In places where they do homework or study at the computer, be sure to organize local lighting. An original children's night lamp to get rid of fear of darkness at night, but it does not interfere with sleep if placed on the opposite side of the baby’s eyes.

Illumination of a sofa in the design of a children's room

The children's room needs a high level of lighting, but without bright rays

In a studio apartment, it all depends on local areas, but it is better if this is reflected in the design of the ceiling structure. Any accent can become the highlight of the concept, but do not forget that each functional area should have a controlled power and intensity of the rays. With a large area, switches from different points to the general light or remote control are appropriate.

Organization of lighting the space of a studio apartment

An additional highlight of individual zones is added to the main general light.

Natural light in the design of the living room

Finally, another important point - no matter how perfectly artificial lighting is organized, do not forget about natural light, which plays a significant role in the design of a living room

The proposed examples in the photo will help to adopt the ideas used by professionals.

Video: simple rules for good lighting

Photo: 50 lighting design options

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